Are you eager to embark on a transformative academic journey in Canada? Navigating the process of obtaining a student visa can be both exciting and challenging. At StudyHQ, we understand the significance of this pivotal step in your educational adventure. Our mission is to provide you with accurate and up-to-date information on Canada’s student visa requirements and guidelines, helping you make right decisions. In this article, we will guide you through the essential visa application steps, ensuring a smooth transition into your Canadian academic experience.
Who Needs A Canada Study Permit?
- Most international students planning to study in Canada
- If study program is longer than six months
- For programs shorter than six months for certain countries
- Students approved by DLIs
- Citizens of visa-exempt countries might study without a permit for short periods, but extensions could require one
- Family members of students
- Work-Study Programs
- Citizens of visa-required countries
Canada Visa Help
Start Your Journey To Canada Today – Check your Eligibility Criteria
DESIGNATED LEARNING INSTITUTION (DLI)
A Designated Learning Institution is an educational establishment in Canada approved by the government to enroll international students. To qualify for a Canadian student visa, one must be accepted by a DLI. While primary and secondary schools are automatically considered DLIs, not all universities and educational institutions hold this status. Prospective students can check the official Government of Canada website to confirm an institution’s DLI status by selecting their province or territory. If an institution loses its DLI status while a student is enrolled, they can continue until their study permit in Canada expires, after which they must switch to a DLI to renew their permit.
- Visit the official IRCC website.
- Choose your province of interest.
- Enter the name of your institution or city to find its DLI status.
- Note down the DLI number, which is required for your study permit application.
Canadian Visa Requirements And Eligibility Criteria
Obtaining a Canadian Student Visa is a significant step towards your educational dreams. To be eligible, you generally need:
- An acceptance letter from a DLI in Canada
- Proof of Funds
- Clean Background
- Intent to Return
- Medical Exam
- Prove your language skills through tests like IELTS or TOEFL
Requirements may vary depending on your home country, course duration, and other factors. Check here for visa requirements checklist.
How To Apply for Canada Student Visa
- Online Registration:
- Access the Canadian immigration website and register.
- Create an account and follow the application process instructions.
- Document Preparation:
- Gather the necessary documents required.
- Consult the Canadian embassy or consulate in your country to verify documents.
- Only authorized individuals, such as official translators or public notaries, can certify documents.
- Check the embassy fees for Canada study visa in your country in advance.
- Application Form:
- Complete the application form along with any additional forms provided by the Canadian embassy.
- Visa Fee Payment:
- Make the visa fee payment online before submitting the form, which includes processing and biometric fees, and is non-refundable.
- Take a print of the payment receipt and attach it to your application.
- Application Submission:
- As applications are accepted online, scan your documents and submit them on the immigration website.
- The system will review your submission to ensure all necessary documents are provided and the correct visa fee has been paid.
- Incomplete or incorrect submissions will be returned for revision.
- The Canada Student Visa processing time can vary, so it’s better to plan ahead and submit your application in advance.
Alternative Ways To Apply For A Canada Student Visa
Depending on your nationality or circumstances, you have two additional ways to apply:
Applying for a Student Visa From Canada
- This option is available to specific categories of individuals, including:
- Ukrainian nationals or their family members
- Minor children attending primary or secondary school
- Exchange or visiting students
- Those who completed a short-term study course in Canada (less than 6 months)
- Holders of a Temporary Resident Permit (TRP) for at least 6 months, or their family members
- Spouses, common-law partners, sponsored immigrants, or permanent residence applicants
- Individuals with study permits from outside Canada seeking extensions
- Family members of Canadian-based sports teams, media representatives, clergy, military personnel assigned to Canada, or foreign representatives in Canada
- Even if eligible, the application process must still be completed online.
- You may also apply on-paper.
Applying for a Student Visa From the Port of Entry (POE)
- This option is available under specific conditions:
- Ukrainian citizens or their family members
- Citizens of the USA
- Lawful Permanent Residents (LPR) of the US
- Residents of Greenland or Saint-Pierre and Miquelon
- To apply at the POE, obtain an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) and present the documents at the Canadian Port of Entry for review.
Applying In Person for a Student Visa
- Certain individuals can apply in person:
- Those with disabilities preventing online application
- Holders of travel or identity documents issued to non-national residents, refugees, or stateless persons
- If eligible, gather document copies and submit them at a Canadian embassy, an embassy outsourcing visa processing, or a visa application center.
Canadian Student Visa Rejection and Solutions
Canada is a prime choice for international students. However, the popularity of studying in Canada comes with a rigorous visa application process, leading to a significant number of rejections. The rejection rate has surged to 40-50% post-COVID, up from the pre-COVID rate of 15-20%.
|Common Rejection Reasons||Addressing Rejections|
|Financial Stability||Reapplying and rectifying the issue|
|Academic Performance||Identifying the exact rejection reason|
|Letter of Acceptance||Submitting accurate and complete application|
|Language Proficiency||Providing high scores in language proficiency tests|
|Return Plans||Demonstrating intent to return home|
|Course Alignment||Staying updated with immigration laws|
|Documentation||Clear and compelling Statement of Purpose|
Processing Duration of Canada Student Permits
Typically, the standard processing period for a student permit in Canada spans 12 weeks, while extensions are processed within approximately 34 days.
|Processing Time||Canada Student Permits|
|Student Permit (Initial Application)||12 weeks|
|Student Permit (Extension)||34 days|
|Work Permit (Initial Application)||29 weeks|
Student Direct Stream (SDS)
For quicker processing, individuals from select countries can utilize the Student Direct Stream.
You are eligible to apply through the SDS if you are a resident of any of the following countries:
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Costa Rica
- the Philippines
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Trinidad and Tobago
canada student visa fees
|Fee Structure||Amount (CAD)|
|Study Permit Processing Fee||CAD 150|
|Study Permit Biometrics Fee||CAD 85|
|Work Permit Processing Fee||CAD 155|
|Work Permit Biometrics Fee||CAD 85|
|Study Permit Extension Fee||CAD 200|
Minimum Financial Requirements
The minimum bank balance for Canada student visa is set to ensure you have sufficient funds for tuition, living expenses, and more. These vary based on your study location, whether outside Quebec or within it.
For detailed financial figures, refer to the Finance in Canada. Fulfilling these criteria is essential for a successful study visa application.
VISA VALIDITY & VISA EXTENSION IN CANADA
- Canadian student visa covers program duration + 90 days.
- Use 90 days to prepare for departure or extend the visa.
- Proof of program completion needed for extension.
- Apply for renewal 30 days before expiry.
- Check passport validity; expired passports affect eligibility.
- Stay in Canada during processing; don’t leave near expiry.
- Expired permit: Leave Canada, apply from outside.
- Steps: Apply online or on paper; include required forms.
- Attach documents; translations must be correct.
- Work permit extension processing time varies; contact Consulate after 120 days.
- Approval lets you stay until program end; denial means leaving.
- Pay CAD 150 + CAD 85 for biometrics (if required) for extension.
- Extend family permits if applicable; apply together for clarity.
STUDY WORK PERMIT & PERMANENT RESIDENCY
The Study Work Permit: Working as a student in Canada is a good choice. It lets international students work in Canada while studying, providing valuable experience and financial support. It matches program duration and allows part-time work during studies and full-time during breaks. You may read Part-time Jobs for Students.
PR in Canada: International students can transition to PR in Canada after studies, mainly through the Express Entry system. Canadian education and work experience are advantageous. Want to know how much does it cost to become a Canadian citizen or how long does it take? Explore more in the PR in Canada post as you must know the rules for PR in Canada for international students.
Bringing Family Members to Canada
Your immediate family, including your spouse, common-law partner, and minor children, can join you in Canada while you pursue your studies. However, they need to apply for their own visas, specifically visitor visas, rather than study permits. You have the option to submit these applications collectively, indicating to the Canadian Consulate that you are a family unit and wish to remain together throughout your study period.
Traveling Home with a Canada Student Visa
With breaks in the Canadian school system during summer and winter, many foreign students desire to visit their home countries during these intervals.
The Canada student visa allows international students to journey abroad during their holidays. However, upon reentry to Canada, they must provide proof of their student status. This entails presenting a valid visa or Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) along with their study permit. It’s crucial to note that even if the study permit is in effect, the visa or eTA must also be valid; otherwise, entry into Canada will be denied. Prior to departing Canada, it’s imperative to ensure that your documents are in order and valid. If they’re not, consider applying for extensions before your travel plans.
Changing Schools with a Canada Student Visa
The Canada student visa enables visa holders to switch schools during their enrollment, provided they fulfill the visa’s requirements. In the following circumstances, you must inform the Canadian Government of your school change:
- Completing primary school and transitioning to high school.
- Graduating from high school and commencing post-secondary education.
- Changing post-secondary institutions as a university or college student, including:
- Community colleges, CEGEP institutes.
- Private universities, academies, career colleges, training institutions
- Language training programs like English as a Second Language (ESL) / French as a Secondary Language (FSL) courses
- Needing to modify conditions specified in your study permit
In these cases, you’re required to obtain a new study permit tailored to your new school. This entails navigating the application process to secure the updated study permit.
However, there’s no obligation to notify the Canadian Government when switching schools under these circumstances:
- Transferring within the same educational level, like moving from one primary school to another.
- Changing study programs while remaining within the same institution.
- Pursuing a study program lasting 6 months or less.
When Your Canada Study Permit Application Gets Declined
Due to the high demand for Canadian study permits, it’s quite common for applicants to face rejection.
Ensure you prepare a well-prepared application. Here are some prevalent reasons for rejections and steps to rectify them:
- Insufficient Financial Proof
- Inadequate Acceptance Letter
- Missing Documentation
- Home Return Plans
Should your study permit application be denied by the IRCC, the refusal letter will provide the reason. While you can reapply at any time, ensure you address the reason correctly this time.
In cases you faced rejection wrongfully, you may reapply.
As we’ve checked the details of this visa, we’ve discovered its significance in education and personal growth in Canada. From eligibility criteria to application processes, financial requirements, and the potential to explore the vast Canadian landscape, this guide lets aspiring students with the knowledge to get started with their educational journey.